Muslims pray for the victims of Christchurch mosque attack in New Zealand after Friday prayers at the Baitul Mukarram National Mosque in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Image Credit: REUTERS

JAKARTA: Political and Islamic leaders expressed their disgust at the deadly shooting at two mosques in New Zealand on Friday, with some citing rising "Islamophobia" as responsible.

As governments in Asia and the Middle East scrambled to find out how many of their citizens had been caught up in the bloodshed in the city of Christchurch, there was also anger that the attackers targeted worshippers at Friday prayers.

"I blame these increasing terror attacks on the current Islamophobia post-9/11 (where) 1.3 billion Muslims have collectively been blamed for any act of terror," Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan posted on social media.

Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said the attack was a deliberate demonizing of Muslim political struggles.

"Not only the perpetrators, but also politicians & media that fuel the already escalated Islamophobia and hate in the West, are equally responsible for this heinous attack," he wrote on Twitter.

In a statement, Al-Azhar University, Egypt's 1,000-year-old seat of Sunni Islamic learning, said the attacks had "violated the sanctity of the houses of God".

"We warn the attack is a dangerous indicator of the dire consequences of escalating hate speech, xenophobia, and the spread of Islamophobia." More had to be done to promote the co-existence of different religions and cultures, the university said.

It was a sentiment echoed by United Arab Emirates Foreign Minister Anwar Gargash.

"Our collective work against violence and hate must continue with renewed vigour," he said.

Search for victims

New Zealand police said 49 people were killed. Three men and one woman were in custody and one man had been charged with murder.

Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said some of the victims may have been new immigrants and refugees.

"They are us. The person who has perpetuated this violence against us is not. They have no place in New Zealand," she said.

A city of about 400,000 people, Christchurch has a significant Islamic community, including overseas students.

Ambulance staff take a man from outside a mosque in central Christchurch, New Zealand. Image Credit: AP

Indonesia's ambassador to New Zealand, Tantowi Yahya, told Reuters six Indonesians had been inside one of the mosques when the attack occurred, with three managing to escape and three unaccounted for.

There are 331 Indonesians in Christchurch, including 134 students, the foreign ministry said.

"Indonesia strongly condemns this shooting act, especially at a place of worship while a Friday prayer was ongoing," Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi said in a statement.

Afghanistan's ambassador to Australia, New Zealand and Fiji, Wahidullah Waissi, said on Twitter three Afghans had been wounded.

Pakistanis protest to condemn the New Zealand mosque shooting, in Karachi, Pakistan. Image Credit: AP

Two Malaysians were also wounded in the attack, its foreign ministry said.

Bangladeshi Foreign Minister Shahriar Alam said it was "extremely lucky" the country's cricket team did not suffer casualties. The team, in the city to play a match against the New Zealand national team, arrived for Friday prayers as the shooting occurred.

"I can't even imagine what would have happened if they were there five minutes earlier," he said on social media.

Terrorist attack

Ordinary people expressed their horror about a live, point-of-view video posted online that appeared to be one of the shooters killing any person he came across in a mosque with an automatic assault rifle.

The video has yet to be confirmed by authorities as being posted by a shooter involved in the attack.

"Feeling very sick, that person is brainless and a savage," said one Indonesian twitter user who identified himself as Farhan Adhitama.

The New Zealand national flag is flown at half-mast on a Parliament building in Wellington on March 15, 2019, after a shooting incident in Christchurch. Image Credit: AFP

Others complained that authorities and the media were slow to label the perpetrators as "terrorists".

"This is a terrorist act. Come on now" Aszafirah Zafyrah posted on Facebook in Singapore.

"Why is it not called terrorism when Muslims are killed," said Mohammad Hanif, a government employee in Dhaka, Bangladesh's capital. "You should be fair enough to call it so." By Friday afternoon, Ardern said the incident was a "terrorist" attack.

Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison said the Australian national arrested after the attack was an "extremist, right wing violent terrorist".