Women, some carrying babies in their arms, return to the rebel-held Damascus suburb of Moadamiyah after Syrian Red Crescent aid trucks entered the town on Monday. Image Credit: EPA

Damascus: Syrian Red Crescent trucks loaded with 1,000 food parcels crossed into a rebel-held Damascus suburb that has been besieged by government troops for more than two years as heavy clashes broke out between Syrian rebels and Hezbollah fighters near the Syria-Lebanon border.

The border area has long been a flashpoint in the Syrian civil war.

Since November, Syrian government troops, backed by Lebanese Hezbollah forces, have been on the offensive in Syria’s mountainous Qalamoun region, trying to clear it of opposition fighters. The government side has so far captured most towns and villages there but hundreds of rebels are still active in the rugged region.

The latest clashes broke out on Sunday after Syrian rebels tried to infiltrate into Lebanon and clashed with Hezbollah fighters, said officials in eastern Lebanon, speaking on condition of anonymity in line with regulations. They said the fighting, which took place near the Lebanese village of Youneen, ended at dawn on Monday after Hezbollah took control of the nearby hills.

The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said the fighting left seven Hezbollah fighters dead and 31 wounded. The activist group said 17 rebels were killed and 23 wounded, and that Hezbollah fighters captured 14 rebels.

The Lebanese officials confirmed that a number of Hezbollah fighters were killed in the battles, without giving a figure. Facebook pages associated with the Lebanese Shiite group said six Hezbollah fighters were killed, listing their names and hometowns.

Qasim Al Zein, a Syrian doctor who works at a makeshift hospital in the Lebanese border town of Arsal, said they received the bodies of three people killed in Syria on Sunday as well as 15 wounded. Syrian rebels enjoy wide support in Arsal, which is predominantly Sunni — as are most opposition fighters.

“It was a very intense night,” said a resident of the Lebanese city of Baalbek, which is close to the area of the fighting. The man, speaking on condition of anonymity for fear for his own safety, said Lebanese soldiers and policemen carried out security measures around Baalbek on Sunday night, setting up checkpoints, stopping cars and asking for people’s identity cards.

The Hezbollah openly joined the Syrian conflict last year. The group’s fighters have been instrumental in President Bashar Al Assad’s success on the battlefield, tipping the balance of power in the three-year-old conflict in the government’s favour after ousting predominantly Sunni rebels from their strongholds along much of the Lebanese border and near Damascus.

Syria’s crisis, which began in March 2011, has caused over 170,000 deaths, activists say.

Also on Monday, the United Nations resumed its aid distribution to tens of thousands of besieged Syrians inside the rebel-held Damascus suburb of Moadamiyah.

Some 13 Syrian Red Crescent trucks loaded with 1,000 food parcels crossed into Moadamiyah and the food was to be distributed to 31,000 people under the supervision of the UN, the Red Crescent and in coordination with the Syrian government.

A year’s blockade on Moadamiyah resulted in widespread hunger-related illness and death among its residents.

Since the beginning of Ramadan in late June, 2,460 food parcels have entered the besieged suburb said Hassan Gandour, the general coordinator of the popular reconciliation effort in Syria.

UN resident coordinator in Damascus, Yacoub Al Helou, told reporters that the aid is the first within the framework of other consecutive operations to deliver aid to Moadamiyah following negotiations with the Syrian government.

The move came hours before an expected Security Council vote on a UN resolution that would authorise cross-border delivery of humanitarian aid to Syrians in desperate need of food and medicine.

The final draft, obtained on Friday by The Associated Press, would authorise UN agencies and aid organisations that assist them to use routes across conflict lines and four border crossings — two in Turkey, one in Iraq and one in Jordan — for 180 days in addition to those already in use to ensure the delivery of humanitarian assistance.