Pope Francis greets worshippers as he departs from St Peter's Roman Catholic Cathedral in the Moroccan capital Rabat Image Credit: AFP

Pope Francis told Morocco’s tiny Catholic community on Sunday that their role in the predominantly Muslim country was not to covert their neighbors but live in brotherhood with all other faiths.

Pope Francis sought Sunday to encourage greater interactions between Christians and Muslims in Morocco, telling his flock that showing the country's Muslim majority they are part of the same human family will help stamp out extremism.

On his second and final day in Morocco, Francis told Catholic priests and sisters that even though they are few in number, they shouldn't seek to convert others to Christianity, but rather engage in dialogue and charity.

"In this way, you will unmask and lay bare every attempt to exploit differences and ignorance in order to sow fear, hatred and conflict," he said.

"For we know that fear and hatred, nurtured and manipulated, destabilize our communities and leave them spiritually defenseless."

Pope Francis greets women during a visit to a rural social service run by the Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul in Temara, near Rabat, Morocco Image Credit: Reuters

Francis has stressed a message of Christian-Muslim fraternity during his first trip to Morocco, a majority Muslim nation of 36 million.


Proselytism is a sensitive topic in religious discourse in the North African nation, even though Christians, Muslims and Jews have coexisted peacefully here for centuries.

After reaching out Saturday to Morocco's Sunni majority and its growing community of migrants from countries in sub-Saharan Africa, Francis turned his attention Sunday to the country's Christian minority.

His aim was to highlight their constructive presence in Moroccan life.

Francis visited a social center run by Catholic religious sisters that serves a poor Muslim community south of the capital, Rabat, with medical, educational and vocational services.

The Temara center operates a pre-school, treats burn victims, trains women to be tailors and provides meals for 150 children a day.

Catholic teachings are not taught at the preschool.

'We came here to help'

"Their teachers are all Muslims and speak in Arabic and they prepare them on Muslim religion," said sister Gloria Carrillero. "We did not come here with the purpose of doing proselytism. We came here just to help."

Catholics represent less than 1 percent of Morocco's population and most are foreign-born migrants. Morocco also has up to 6,000 homegrown converts to Christianity who are obliged to practice their faith privately.

These Moroccan converts often celebrate Masses in their homes and hide their religious affiliations for fear of prosecution and arrest.

Yet many flocked to Francis' afternoon Mass in a Rabat sports stadium Sunday with the hope that the pope's visit would compel Moroccan authorities to be more tolerant of religious diversity.

"With this visit, we want to tell the pope and the Moroccan society that we are proud to be Christians," said Moroccan Christian Adam Rbati, who was attending the Mass with his Christian wife and newborn son.

"It might not change much, but it will certainly create the space for future positive change."

Francis touched on the issue of religious freedom in his opening speech to King Mohammed VI on Saturday, urging Morocco to move beyond just freedom of worship to true respect for an individual's faith.

"That is why freedom of conscience and religious freedom — which is not limited to freedom of worship alone, but allows all to live in accordance with their religious convictions — are inseparably linked to human dignity," he said.

Human family

In a speech to Catholic priests in the city cathedral Sunday, Francis drew applause when he told them they should not proselytise.

The church grows, he said, when people are attracted to its message, witness its charity and engage in dialogue as part of a human family.

He called for prayer "in the name of this fraternity, torn apart by the policies of extremism and division, by systems of unrestrained profit or by hateful ideological tendencies, which manipulate the actions and the future of men and women."

Among the priests on the altar to greet the pope was the Rev. Jean-Pierre Schumacher, the last survivor of the Tibhirine monks.

Schumacher and his brother monks had decided to stay in their monastery in Tibhirine, Algeria, alongside locals during the country's civil war, despite the threats against them.

Seven monks were abducted and beheaded in 1996, their skulls discovered nearby. A radical group was blamed for their beheadings, but some observers have suggested that Algeria's military was responsible.

Pope Francis greets father Jean-Pierre Schumacher, a French monk who survived the Tibhirine killing, when seven Trappist monks and 12 other Catholics were kidnapped from the monastery of Tibhirine, south of Algiers in 1996 and killed, in the Rabat Cathedral, Morocco Image Credit: Reuters

Francis kissed Schumacher's hand in a sign of respect, and the stooped 95-year-old priest reciprocated.

Last year, the seven monks and 12 other religious sisters and Catholics killed during Algeria's civil war were beatified in Algiers.