A Chinese DJI made drone holds a demonstration to display an app that tracks a drone's registration and owner in Montreal. Image Credit: REUTERS file

BEIJING: China imposed restrictions on Monday on exports of long-range civilian drones, citing Russia’s war in Ukraine and concern that drones might be converted to military use.

Chinese leader Xi Jinping’s government is friendly with Moscow but says it is neutral in the 18-month-old war.

Export controls will take effect on Tuesday to prevent use of drones for “non-peaceful purposes,” the Ministry of Commerce said in a statement. It said exports still will be allowed but didn’t say what restrictions would apply.

China is a leading developer and exporter of drones. DJI Technology Co., one of the global industry’s top competitors, announced in April 2022 it was pulling out of Russia and Ukraine to prevent its drones from being used in combat.

“The risk of some high specification and high-performance civilian unmanned aerial vehicles being converted to military use is constantly increasing,” the Ministry of Commerce said.

Restrictions will apply to drones that can fly beyond the natural sight distance of operators or stay aloft more than 30 minutes, have attachments that can throw objects and weigh more than seven kilos (15½ pounds), according to the ministry.

“Since the crisis in Ukraine, some Chinese civilian drone companies have voluntarily suspended their operations in conflict areas,” the Ministry of Commerce said.

It accused the United States and Western media of spreading “false information” about Chinese drone exports.

The government on Friday defended its dealings with Russia as “normal economic and trade cooperation” after a US intelligence report said Beijing possibly provided equipment used in Ukraine that might have military applications.

Xi and Russian President Vladimir Putin declared before the February 2022 war that their governments had a “no-limits” friendship.

Beijing has blocked efforts to censure Moscow in the United Nations and has repeated Russian justifications for the attack.

China has “always opposed the use of civilian drones for military purposes,” the Ministry of Commerce said. “The moderate expansion of drone control by China this time is an important measure to demonstrate the responsibility of a responsible major country.”

The Ukrainian government appealed to DJI in March 2022 to stop selling drones it said the Russian ministry was using to target missile attacks. DJI rejected claims it leaked data on Ukraine’s military positions to Russia.