The militant group has torched many towns and villages in northern Nigeria Image Credit: AP

BAUCHI, Nigeria: Boko Haram militants have killed dozens of people and burned down their homes in the northeast Nigerian town of Baga in the past two days, a second killing spree since seizing control there at the weekend, witnesses and local officials said on Thursday.

The militants razed at least 16 towns and villages in a renewed assault after capturing a key military base in the remote north of Borno state. But there was no independent corroboration of the casualty figures.

Musa Bukar, head of the Kukawa local government area, said: “They (Boko Haram) burnt to the ground all the 16 towns and villages, including Baga, Doron-Baga, Mile 4, Mile 3, Kauyen Kuros and Bunduram.”

Abubakar Gamandi, head of Borno’s fish traders union and a Baga native, also confirmed the attacks, adding that hundreds of people who fled were trapped on islands on Lake Chad.

News of the latest attacks came as Nigeria’s President Goodluck Jonathan, who has been criticised for his inability to end the insurgency, formally launched his re-election campaign.

Nigeria’s military - West Africa’s largest - has come under scrutiny for its inability to fight the militants after reports of a lack of adequate weaponry and even bullets.

Boko Haram, in contrast, has been seen with advanced weapons, including rocket-propelled grenades, heavy machine guns and even a tank.

Jonathan’s opponent at next month’s elections, former military ruler Muhammadu Buhari, has blamed government corruption for the lack of firepower.

But the head of state appeared to blame his predecessors for not investing enough in defence in a speech at a rally in Lagos on Thursday.

Control of border

Boko Haram fighters on Saturday captured Baga and the headquarters of the Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF), which is made of troops from Nigeria, Niger and Chad.

Security analysts this week said that Baga was of strategic importance for Boko Haram, as it was thought to be the last town in northern Borno under federal government control.

The militants, who have seized more than two dozen towns in northeast Nigeria in the last six months, now control all three of Borno’s borders with Niger, Chad and Cameroon.

Bukar said the Islamists used petrol bombs and explosives to destroy Baga, a key fishing and commercial hub, and surrounding villages on the shores of Lake Chad.

“We have over 20,000 people displaced from Baga and surrounding villages in a camp in Maiduguri and we are making arrangements to convey another 10,000 from Monguno where they ran to,” he added.

Gamandi said a head count would have to be conducted to determine the number of dead and missing but that could pose difficulties as residents fled both towards Maiduguri and also into Chad.

Some 560 villagers have been stranded on an island on Lake Chad since Saturday without food, he added.

“They told me that some of them are dying from lack of food, cold and malaria on the mosquito-infested island,” he said.

“I was in constant touch with them until this morning when the phone they were using went off which I assume was due to dead battery.”