Dubai: Alternative investments can include a variety of investment vehicles, such as private equity, real estate, commodities, hedge funds and even ‘liquid alternative mutual funds’.
There has often been a relatively low correlation between alternative investments and traditional stocks and bonds, and investors typically add them to their portfolios in order to diversify, enhance returns or reduce risk.
More specifically, traditional hedge funds have historically had a reputation of being opaque, illiquid and having a high fee structure. Liquid alternatives, however, are multi manager and multi strategy hedge funds that are priced daily, offer full transparency and have lower costs. The availability of liquid alternatives has expanded rapidly over the past decade, and there are Luxembourg domiciled UCIT liquid alternative products available for investors to consider. The post 2008 expansion of the Fed’s balance sheet from $900 billion (Dh3.3 billion) to nearly $4.3 trillion today has been one of the most dominant market shaping forces over the last decade.
It has created a massive tide of liquidity that lifted assets across the globe — in some instances indiscriminately — while influencing investor behaviour. In addition to yields being driven toward record lows and stock markets to record highs, many investors migrated toward riskier assets while the cost of capital was kept artificially suppressed. We believe this dynamic is about to change. The tide appears to be receding.
While the Federal Reserve has already embarked on its journey towards rate normalisation, other major central banks around the world also started unwinding in 2018, with many striking increasingly hawkish tones. In addition, global growth has reset inflation expectations to the upside, led by China’s resilient economy.
Investors who are not prepared for this shift from the recovery era of monetary accommodation to the expansionary post-quantitative easing era may be exposed to significant risks, in our view. Markets could see increased volatility and sharp corrections, recalling, for example, the magnitude and speed of adjustments in US Treasury (UST) yields that began during the fourth quarter of 2016 and continue today.
One of the challenges for investors consequently will be that the traditional, diversifying relationship between bonds and risk assets investors expect may not hold true in this new era, particularly if we experience the cycle of UST declines we are experiencing. It’s quite possible to see risk assets also decline as the ‘risk-free’ rate (yield on USTs) ratchets higher. Markets have become accustomed to exceptionally low discount rates — a shift higher would materially impact how those valuations are calculated.
Additionally, we feel a sense of complacency has developed across the asset classes as UST returns and risk-asset returns have often had positive correlations, along with positive performance, in recent times. However, the positive outcomes achieved under the benefit of extraordinary monetary accommodation can mask the actual underlying risks in those asset categories. As monetary accommodation unwinds, those positive correlations could continue but with the opposite effect — simultaneous declines across bonds, equities and global risk assets as we exit an unprecedented era of financial market distortions. These are the types of correlations and risks we are aiming to reduce.
Looking towards the New Year, investors, in our view, should therefore continue to explore investing in the flexibility and convenience of mutual funds, while also enjoying the additional benefits of alternative investments to reach their longer-term asset growth goals. The liquid alternatives asset class has grown significantly in recent years. In 2017, liquid alternatives space grew $96 billion and has grown an additional $20 billion in 2018 (through August 31, 2018).**
The bottom line is that we believe the massive tide of low-cost money that lifted all boats and allowed for carefree sailing is receding. Investors who are not prepared for this change may be exposed to significant risks. Perhaps it’s time to look to add other boats to one’s portfolio, crafts better suited to navigating the sandbars, rocks and muddy waters that we believe will likely surface in the coming quarters. While these developments may affect hedge fund strategies differently, alpha for the hedge fund universe has historically strengthened in these environments of increased dispersion and volatility, particularly when interest rates are rising.
It is important to note however that, as with any investment, liquid alternatives can generate losses too, and that alternative investments as a wider asset class do not always offer higher returns than other asset classes. But we think as a whole alternatives still exhibit a host of beneficial investment characteristics. Investors should seek professional financial advice and obtain a full explanation of any proposed investment before making a decision to invest.
The author is Dhiraj Rai, director of Gulf and Eastern Mediterranean for Franklin Templeton Investments (ME) Limited.