Region | Lebanon

Hezbollah indirectly blamed for killing

Former Finance Minister was a vocal critic of the militant group

  • AP
  • Published: 17:10 December 27, 2013
  • Gulf News

Beirut: A powerful car bomb tore through a business district in the centre of the Lebanese capital Friday, killing a prominent pro-Western politician and at least five other people in an assassination certain to hike sectarian tensions already soaring because of the civil war in neighbouring Syria.

The blast, which wounded more than 70 others, set cars ablaze, shredded trees and shattered windows in a main street of the posh downtown Beirut area of five-star hotels, luxury high-rises and high-end boutiques. It sent a pall of thick black smoke above the nearby government headquarters and the seafront.

The bomb targeted the car of Mohammad Chatah, a former finance minister and a senior aide to former Prime Minister Sa’ad Hariri, security officials said. Chatah, his driver and four others were killed, the National News Agency said.

Hariri, a Sunni politician, heads the main, Western-backed coalition in Lebanon, which is engaged in bitter feuding with the militant Shiite Hezbollah group, a top ally of Syrian President Bashar Al Assad.

The bombing recalled a string of assassinations of members of the anti-Syrian Hariri camp between 2004 and 2008, the biggest of which was the massive suicide bombing in 2005 in downtown Beirut — not far from the site of Friday’s blast — that killed Hariri’s father, Rafik, also a former prime minister. Hariri’s allies accused Syria of being behind the killings, a claim Damascus denied.

Friday’s blast came less than three weeks before the trial for those suspected in Rafik Hariri’s assassination was set to begin.

Five Hezbollah members have been indicted for alleged involvement in the killing. Hezbollah rejects the accusations, and has refused to hand over the suspects.

Sa’ad Hariri indirectly blamed Hezbollah for Chatah’s assassination. In a statement, he accused “the ones who run away from international justice and refuse to appear before the international tribunal”.

More recently, the country has seen a wave of violence as Lebanon’s Sunni and Shiite communities line up with their brethren on opposing sides in Syria’s civil war.

That has fuelled predictions that Lebanon, still recovering from its 15-year civil war that ended in 1990, is on the brink of descending into full-blown sectarian violence.

There has been a series of bombings in districts dominated by Hezbollah, apparently in retaliation for its decision to send guerrillas to fight alongside Al Assad’s forces against rebels, as well as twin car bombings in Tripoli, Lebanon’s largest city and a Sunni stronghold.

There have also been repeated clashes between Sunnis — who largely back Syria’s rebels — and Shiites and Alawites who back Al Assad.

The last such assassination in Lebanon was in October 19, 2012, when a car bomb assassinated Lebanon’s top intelligence chief, Wissam Al Hassan. Al Hassan, a member of Hariri’s security circle, was a powerful opponent of Syria’s influence in Lebanon and many here blamed his killing on Syria.

The Friday morning blast was heard across the city, shattering the calm of the downtown commercial district.

Chatah was on the way to a meeting at Hariri’s downtown residence when the bomb it, security officials said.

The bomb car, apparently parked on his route and detonated by remote control, was rigged with up to 60 kilograms (132 pounds of explosives).

“We heard an explosion that shook us like an earthquake,” said Wajdi Abdul Khaliq, a foreman at a nearby construction site.

The man said he ran out of the site and saw the wounded in the street, including a woman in her car who lost her hand.

The army cordoned off the area to prevent people from getting close to the scene, where the twisted wreckage of several cars was still smouldering.

The Health Ministry said more than 70 people were wounded.

The 62-year-old Chatah was a prominent economist who once worked at the International Monetary Fund in the US and later served as Lebanese ambassador to the US. He was one of the closest aides of Rafik Hariri.

He later became finance minister when Sa’ad took over the premiership, and stayed on as his senior adviser after he lost the post in early 2011.

Caretaker Prime Minister Najeeb Mikati denounced the assassination, “which targeted a political and moderate figure who believed in dialogue, the language of reason and logic and the right to different opinions”.

Hariri, in his statement, said those behind the assassination are “the same ones who are opening the doors of evil and chaos into Lebanon” and “brought regional fires to our country,” in a clear reference to Hezbollah’s participation in Syria’s civil war.

Hezbollah’s strongly denounced the assassination, saying it serves “the enemies of Lebanon”.

Hariri’s 2005 assassination sparked massive demonstrations that eventually led to the withdrawal of Syrian troops from Lebanon, following nearly three decades of military presence and domination of its smaller neighbour.

Chatah was a moderate Sunni politician who opposed Hezbollah and Al Assad.

His last tweet, posted an hour before Friday’s explosion, read: “Hezbollah is pressing hard to be granted similar powers in security & foreign policy matters that Syria exercised in Lebanon for 15 yrs.”

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