London: A rapprochement between Hamas and the Iranian regime is under way almost three years after a breach over the Palestinian party’s refusal to back the Syrian government in the civil war, and amid its current political isolation following the demise of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt.
“Relations between us are now almost back to how they were before [the crisis over Syria]. We believe we will soon be back at that point,” said Taher Al Nounou, an aide to Gaza’s prime minister, Esmail Haniya.
Contacts between high-ranking officials from both regimes had resumed, he said. Khaled Meshaal, the head of Hamas’s political bureau, met representatives from Tehran in Ankara and Doha in recent months, and may visit Tehran in the coming months. According to Nounou, a delegation of Hamas officials based outside Gaza visited Tehran two months ago. But Hamas leaders from Gaza have been unable to leave the blockaded coastal strip since the military coup in Egypt last July. Another senior Hamas official, Bassem Naim, confirmed renewed contacts between Hamas and Tehran. “Ties had never been conclusively severed, but recently there have been a number of meetings that brought new blood back into our relationship with Iran,” he said. “There were several visits and meetings, as there had been previously. But this time the meetings were held at a high level on the part of Hamas and Iran. This led to a marked improvement and progression in the relationship.”
The alliance between the two regimes was severely damaged by the stance Hamas took when the uprising against Bashar Al Assad began in Syria almost three years ago. Although the exiled Hamas leadership had been hosted by Al Assad’s regime in Damascus for a decade, it refused to back the government against the rebels, incurring the wrath of Syria’s allies, Tehran. Meshaal and other members of the external Hamas leadership left Syria the following year, in 2012.
Iranian leaders cut off funding to Hamas, which had been around $23m (Dh84.48 million) a month, causing a serious financial crisis for Gaza’s rulers. This has been severely exacerbated in the past six months by the closure of the smuggling tunnels between Gaza and Egypt by the new regime in Cairo. The removal of former Egyptian president Mohammad Mursi and the crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood has left the Hamas politically and psychologically isolated.
“Hamas’s big dream of political Islam coming to power has vanished,” said Gaza analyst Omar Shaban.
According to Nounou, who described Hamas-Iran relations as “a very sensitive issue”, the ties between the two regimes were weakened by the war in Syria, but not cut. “We kept some channels open,” he said. “Recently Iran realised that Hamas was not against Iran or the Syrian regime, they understood that we wanted to be neutral. It was a misunderstanding.”
Asked if Tehran had resumed its financial support, Nounou said: “We don’t announce these things because there would be efforts to stop it.”
Since the closure of the tunnels, Hamas has faced logistical difficulties in bringing financial aid to Gaza.
Mahmoud Al Zahar, a hardline Hamas leader in Gaza, declined to comment on whether Tehran had resumed its provision of cash or weapons, saying: “It is difficult to discuss secret things it will only serve the Israelis”.
Zahar, who visited Tehran last year, said he was in constant contact with the Iranians, and that any reconciliation between Tehran and the west over the nuclear issue would not affect its support for Hamas.
The rapprochement was not connected to events in Egypt, he insisted. “Hamas is not politically isolated. Do not exaggerate the difficulties with Egypt. The Muslim Brotherhood is not finished,” he said.