UAE firm brings salmon farming to the desert

UAE firm Asmak uses technology from Scandinavia

Image Credit: Supplied
While fish farming typically relies on tanks built offshore, this new onshore farming technique has been making headway in Europe and North America.
03 Gulf News

Abu Dhabi: After golf courses in the desert and a ski slope in a shopping mall, the United Arab Emirates is now turning its hand to farming cold water fish such as salmon.

That’s the goal of one Abu Dhabi company which plans to farm the fish in chilled onshore pools at prices that can compete with imports flown in from Norway or Ireland.

Asmak, which already runs offshore fish farms, is harnessing technology honed in Scandinavia to set up the Middle East’s first onshore fish farm in a bid to provide affordable alternatives to popular local fish such as grouper.

“Within six to eight months you will be able to eat salmon that is locally produced here,” Tamer Yousef, its marketing and business development manager, told Reuters in an interview.

While Gulf companies are used to taking on the elements for projects such as golf courses and even an indoor ski slope in Dubai, Asmak’s plans pose a new challenge — keeping water at a temperature of 13 degrees Celsius in a region where sea water temperatures can go up to 40 degrees.

The project, with a price tag of 100 million dirhams ($27.2 million), involved building what is dubbed a land-based recirculation aquaculture system (RSA) farm on an area of 500,000 square metres, which essentially takes sea water, chills it and then re-uses it.

“The advantage of having the farm onshore is that I will be able to control the environment so I won’t have to deal with issues like high tides or acid rain effects and most importantly the elevated temperature levels,” Yousef said.

While fish farming typically relies on tanks built offshore, this new onshore farming technique has been making headway in Europe and North America as it causes less harm to wild fish since there is no likelihood of spreading diseases into the sea or of farmed fish escaping into the wild.

And while some critics see the new technology as too expensive, Yousef believes the project makes financial sense.

“Even when you factor in the cost of keeping the tanks cooled, the price of locally produced salmon will be competitive with the imported salmon now available in the market,” he said.

Salmon available in local markets now is flown in chilled at temperatures between -5 degrees and 0 degrees Celsius. The cost of flying the salmon from mostly Norway and Ireland is around $4 to $5 per kilogram.

Experts from these two countries will work closely with a team of local fishermen to constantly update them on international practices, Yousef said.

Still, although local salmon is set to be on the menu in a few months’ time, it will take longer for the project to produce salmon of a size that would generate large revenues.

“We need at least two years to be able to harvest a salmon that is around 4 kilograms in size, which is the size that would bring the highest revenues,” Yousef said.

Asmak exports its fish to over 40 countries and has offshore fish tanks across the coasts of the region in the UAE, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain and Oman.

Hamour, the name given to the widely fished grouper of the Gulf region, will not be completely left off the table though.

The onshore farm, which will produce around 4,000 tonnes of fish a year, will also include Hamour, sea-bream and other varieties.


  • Uday

    Nov 27, 2013 1:01

    Finally someone has the guts to experiment it. It will surely be a hugefinancial success. I have been waiting for something like this to comeup. I hope the price will drop down by at least by 10-15 dhs per kilo.

  • Brian Dominic Tellis

    Nov 27, 2013 1:00

    With the initial financial outlay being projected I wonder what kind ofbreakeven point (i.e. the number of fish that would need to be sold eachyear) to make a profit. I would think the produce would need to bedistributed in other GCC countries (to reach a sizeable quantity offish). Secondly, I hope that the research technology has already been'test run' in the area the project is expected to be geographicallylocated. Quite often technology developed elsewhere may not necessarilybe readily adaptable to the area where it is to be deployed. Forinstance, what would happen if you drop temperature of UAE seawater isdifferent what would happen if you drop temperature of say Finnishseawater. Lastly but more importantly it is not simply a technologicalchallenge. The idea is to ensure that proper maintenance and technicalknow-how of managing such a facility is readily available/accessible.Having shared these observations, i wish them a successful andprofitable venture.

  • Anood

    Nov 27, 2013 10:04

    This is just like the movie Salmon Fishing in the Yemen!!