Common infections in Summer:
Viral Cold and Cough
--This is the most common infectious disease and children get as many as eight colds per year.
--Dry air can lower the resistance to infection by the viruses that cause colds.
--Symptoms are a runny nose, and sneezing. Children may also have a sore throat, cough, headache and mild fever.
--Most colds clear up after a week but some last two weeks.
--You should bring down the child’s fever with ibuprofen.
--Do not use OTC (over the counter) antihistamines or decongestants.
--Use saline drops to relieve nasal congestion.
--Check with a doctor if he child coughs up lot of mucus, has shortness of breath and high fever.
--Most viral infections have to run their course and the child will need rest and should drink plenty of fluids.
--This affects the middle ear and is a bacterial infection.
--The ear will become painful as trapped, infected fluid puts pressure on eardrum.
--There could be a hearing problem and some children will feel dizzy.
--As this is bacterial infection an antibiotic or antibiotic ear drops will be needed.
--For pain relief an ibuprofen will help. Most earaches will hurt during the night.
-- You can also put an ice pack over the ear to reduce the swelling.
--Ear infections are not contagious.
--Get a doctor to check eardrum after two weeks, specially if the infection had caused a hole in eardrum.
--This could be caused either by a virus, bacteria or parasites in the intestines.
--The stools will come often and will be loose.
--Severe diarrhoea is when the stools become watery.
--Make sure the child is not dehydrated. Extra fluids and diet change works best.
--Do not give fruit juices.
--Give bread, crackers, dried cereal and yogurt is good for the stomach.
--Get to a doctor if there is mucus or pus in the stools.
--A mild diarrhoea should not last more than two weeks.
Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
--Common symptoms are a burning sensation when urinating, or pain.
--There will be an urge to urinate frequently.
--The urine could smell foul and looks cloudy or may be bloody.
--In babies frequent diaper changes will help prevent spread of bacteria that cause this infection.
--Children should be taught good hygiene to prevent UTI and to wash up properly after urination.
--Never hold back urine as urine in bladder helps bacteria to grow.
--Other ways to avoid UTI is to drink plenty of fluids and avoid caffeinated drinks.
--Most of such infections are cured within a week.
--A urine test will show doctor the type of bacteria causing the infection and he will prescribe the best medication for it.
--Make sure the infection has been completely cleared as an UTI can once spread again if not treated properly.