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Today in History: December 11, 1992 — Somali warlords strike peace

Blood enemies Ali Mahdi Mohammad and Mohammad Farah Aideed shook hands and embraced after signing a seven-point peace plan

Image Credit: Gulf News Archives
Somali warlords Mohammad Farah Aideed (left) and Ali Mahdi Mohammad shake hands after they signed the peace accord in Mogadishu.
Gulf News

Somalia’s two main rival warlords, pressured by the world’s outrage at their destruction of the country, made peace and cleared the way for a UN plan to save a million people from starvation. Blood enemies Ali Mahdi Mohammad and Mohammad Farah Aideed shook hands and embraced on a busted tennis court outside the new US mission after signing a seven-point peace plan. The two men’s feud has wrecked an entire nation. Hundreds of thousands have been killed or become refugees in two years of clan killings, famine and anarchy. “The only dream that we have is to live in peace and we are working hard to achieve it,” Ali Mahdi, who calls himself Somalia’s president, said after the talks. The Ali Mahdi-Aideed accord included an immediate ceasefire and a withdrawal of their rival rag-tag armies from the capital. They also agreed to appeal to all Somalis to end hostilities and ban hostile propaganda between their groups.

Other important events

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1936 King Edward VIII of Britain abdicates with the intention of marrying American divorcee Wallis Simpson.

1937 Italy withdraws from League of Nations.

1941 Germany and Italy declare war on the US during the Second World War.

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1981 The UN Security Council chooses Javier Perez de Cuellar of Peru to be its fifth secretary-general

1983 Military ruler Lt Gen H.M. Ershad declares himself as President of Bangladesh.

1984 Margham gas processing facility is inaugurated in Dubai.

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1996 Shipping tycoon Tung Chee-hwa is elected the first postcolonial leader of Hong Kong.

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