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Strong turnout in Iran elections

Election mishaps reported as polling suggests moderate Rohani was leading with Qalibaf trailing close

  • Iranian presidential candidate Hasan Rowhani, a former Iran’s top nuclear negotiator, casts his ballot, duringImage Credit: AP
  • Iranian presidential candidate Saeed Jalili waves to the media after he casts his vote.Image Credit: EPA
  • Iranian presidential candidate Mohammad-Bagher Ghalibaf (2-R) casts his ballot.Image Credit: EPA
  • A supporter of Iranian advisor to the supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and hopeful conservative presidentImage Credit: AFP
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Iranians flocked to polls on Friday to pick the next president, with many voters saying they hope the country’s next leader will fix the economy and improve relations with the world.

Turnout was reported stronger than expected with long lines snaking to nearby streets in several polling stations across the capital Tehran, according to witnesses and television footage.

“I’m voting because I want to be a part of building my country’s future. I want a president who understands the pain of the middle class.”
Student, 22
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It appeared a large portion of opposition Green Movement supporters decided to vote for the candidate backed by reformists, cleric Hassan Rohani.

Many officials predicted the election would go to a runoff between Rohani and Tehran’s mayor Mohammad Bagher Qalibaf. Initial polling suggested Rohani was leading with Qalibaf trailing close.

Iran’s Interior Ministry said it would extend voting deadline, initially set for 6pm local time, and it would try to count the results accurately and quickly. Results are expected on Saturday morning.

There were several signs of election mishaps that prompted concern among Rohani’s campaign and supporters. The name of the other reformist candidate Mohammad Reza Aref was still on the ballot in some polling stations, including the one where Rohani himself cast a ballot. Aref withdrew from the race to unify votes last week.

The name of the conservative candidate that withdrew Gholam Ali Haddad Adel was not on the ballots. Some analysts wondered if this was a deliberate attempt to confuse reformist voters and divide their votes.

Rohani’s campaign issued a statement to the Interior Ministry asking them to fix the problem as soon as possible. The Interior Ministry said it had alerted polling stations.

Rohani suffered other setbacks. His campaign website was filtered early on Friday after he called on voters who picked him to register their names and location of where they cast their ballot on his website.

Many of his supporters said they voted for Rohani as a way of showing their opposition to the regime and the conservative faction’s grip on politics.

“I voted for Rohani because I don’t like our current economic and political policies,” said Amir, a 28-year-old man voting in Tehran who didn’t want to give his last name.

“Both I and my mother voted for Rohani,” said Saeed Joorabchi, a university student in geography, after casting balloting at a mosque in west Tehran.

In the Gulf city of Bandar Abbas, local journalist Ali Reza Khorshidzadeh said many polling stations have significant lines and many voters appear to back Rohani.

But fervor also was strong for other presumed leading candidates: Hardline nuclear negotiator Saeed Jalili and Tehran’s mayor, Mohammad Bagher Qalibaf, who is boosted by a reputation as a steady hand for Iran’s sanctions-wracked economy.

“We should resist the West,” said Tehran taxi driver Hasan Ghasemi, who backed Jalili.

Mehrdad, a 22-year-old university student voting in his first presidential election, said he had rushed to his designated polling station at a mosque in western Tehran.

Some 70 people had already formed separate queues of men and women before polling opened officially at 8am (0330 GMT).

“I’m voting because I want to be a part of building my country’s future,” said Mehrdad, adding that his choice was Tehran Mayor Mohammad Baqer Qalibaf.

“I want a president who understands the pain of the middle class,” he said, arguing that conservative frontrunner Qalibaf was popular because of his track record as mayor.

Iranian officials voted early in the morning in ceremonious casting of ballots broadcast on television. Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei cast his ballot first and said no one knew of his choice, even his family.

President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad had not shown up to vote as of Friday afternoon, prompting speculation that he might shock the establishment by boycotting the vote. On Thursday Mr Ahmadinejad had said he is not supporting any of the candidates.

— Zawya Dow Jones, with inputs from AP and AFP


Iran’s ruling hierarchy

A look at the political power structure in Iran.

  • Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei: Wields control over every major decision either directly or through a network of hand-picked loyalists and institutions, including the powerful Revolutionary Guard, the judiciary and intelligence services.
  • Guardian Council: Group of 12 experts in Islamic law who approve all candidates for high elected office and can veto parliamentary bills considered to be in violation of Iran’s Islamic constitution.
  • President: The president’s powers are limited by the ruling clerics. The president helps direct economic policies, domestic social programs, education plans and some public works. The president also has some voice in the level of freedoms such as media and political openness but can be overruled by the clerics using the judiciary or Revolutionary Guard. The president represents Iran in many high-profile international forums and talks, but the clerics set all important foreign and defence policies.
  • Parliament: Its 290 members are elected every four years and have wide powers to set economic and social policies, but officials loyal to the supreme leader can block legislation. The next election for parliament is in 2016.
  • Expediency Council: Mediates between the parliament and Guardian Council, but often favours the supreme leader’s views. All members are hand-picked by Khamenei and serves in effect as an advisory body to the supreme leader.
  • Assembly of Experts: An elected body of 86 clerics that has the official role of overseeing the supreme leader’s performance, but main job is to select a successor after his death.

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