A woman reacts as a wounded protester falls on the ground while members of Palestinian security forces disperse a Hamas demonstration in Hebron yesterday. Image Credit: Reuters

Ramallah: Israeli occupation forces kept up a manhunt Friday for a Palestinian who shot dead two soldiers in the occupied West Bank, as Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu faced rightwing pressure for a strong response.

Thursday’s shooting was the latest incident shattering months of relative calm in the West Bank, where 400,000 Israelis live in colonies alongside more than 2.5 million Palestinians.

It was the third deadly attack by Palestinian gunmen in the West Bank in two months and set off demonstrations by colonist groups against Netanyahu, whose rightwing government depends on their support.

Israeli media speculated Friday about the possibility of a new Palestinian “intifada,” or uprising, against Israel’s occupation of the West Bank.

In Thursday’s attack, a gunman got out of his car and opened fire on soldiers and others outside a colony in the central West Bank, killing two and seriously injuring another two Israelis before fleeing.

In response the army locked down the city of Ramallah, home to secular Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas, while calling in reinforcements.

Clashes between Palestinians and Israeli occupation forces erupted in different parts of the West Bank, including inside Ramallah during army raids.

Colonists threw stones at Palestinian vehicles, while a Palestinian bus driver was beaten by colonists in Modiin Illit colony, according to Israeli media reports.

In overnight raids, the army said it arrested 40 Palestinians, most of them affiliated to the Islamist movement Hamas which has claimed responsibility for two recent shooting attacks.

It has not yet claimed Thursday’s attack, though Israeli officials point the finger of blame in its direction.

The army did not say it had made arrests linked directly to the latest attack.

At a checkpoint near the Beit El colony on Friday morning, a soldier was moderately wounded after a man hit him with a rock before fleeing, the army said.

Friday threatened to be another tense day with Palestinian movements, including Hamas, calling for protests in the West Bank after weekly prayers.

Israel has controlled the West Bank since seizing and occupying it in the 1967 war.

Colonies are considered illegal by the international community and are seen as one of the greatest obstacles to peace.

Hamas, for its part, has controlled the Gaza Strip since seizing it from Abbas’s forces in 2007.

While Abbas’s Palestinian Authority has limited self-rule in parts of the Occupied West Bank, Hamas cells still operate in the territory.

On Thursday, Hamas claimed responsibility for two shooting attacks that killed three Israelis.

Hamas leader Esmail Haniya said Thursday that the West Bank had “opened a new page” in the movement’s conflict with the Jewish state.

Netanyahu’s coalition government, which has only a one-seat majority in parliament, relies on the support of pro-colonist parties.

Rightwing protesters in Occupied Jerusalem late Thursday booed Netanyahu, while an MP from the far-right Jewish Home urged him to close all West Bank roads to Palestinians or have “blood on his hands”.

Hugh Lovatt, an analyst at the European Council on Foreign Relations, said the situation was reminiscent to the buildup to the 2014 Gaza war.

“What adds further danger is that we are heading into elections in Israel in 2019, so Netanyahu will have to take a more forceful hand,” Lovatt told AFP.

“He has long run on his security credentials, saying he keeps Israel safe, and his only real challenge comes from the right.”

Netanyahu, whose Likud bloc heads the government, responded Thursday by announcing new measures to support colonies, but Yediot Aharonot newspaper said he would need to respond forcefully.

“When the colonist lobby raises an outcry, the Likud ministers break into a sweat,” it said.