Sana’a: Yemeni officials said on Tuesday that the pro-Iran Al Houthi militia’s ban on recently-printed government banknotes in areas under their control, including the capital, Sana’a, has held up the salaries of tens of thousands of civil servants and pensioners.

The officials and the internationally recognised government said Al Houthis refused to work with the Yemeni rials that its central bank had printed in the past three years.

Al Houthis control most of the country’s north, after more than five years of a stalemated civil war. A Saudi-led coalition backs the internationally recognised government which still rules southern Yemen, including its interim capital, Aden, where its Central Bank is located.

The fighting in the Arab world’s poorest country has killed over 100,000 people and left millions suffering from food and medical shortages. The conflict has also pushed the country to the brink of famine.

The finance ministry said the Al Houthi move paralysed most banking activities in areas under Al Houthi control, depriving tens of thousands of people, including around 40,000 pensioners, of desperately needed payments this month.

Officials in Sana’a said Al Houthis had given residents a month to hand over the newly printed but banned banknotes or face penalties that include jail. The militiamen said they would compensate them with old currency or an electronic rial they have created, they added.

The officials spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorised to brief the media.

They said banks and shops in Al Houthi-controlled areas have refused to use the banned banknotes. Residents have resorted to trading in the Yemeni rial with the Saudi Arabian rial and the dollar before entering the Al Houthi-controlled areas to avoid being arrested, the officials said.