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  • Capital:Sharjah City
  • Population:890,669
  • Languages:Arabic, English
  • Head of State:His Highness Dr Shaikh Sultan Bin Mohammad Al Qasimi


Sharjah is the third-largest emirate of the UAE, at approximately 2,600 sqkm. It is the only emirate to have coastlines on both the Arabian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman.Sharjah’s history goes back almost 6,000 years when it was called “As Sarcoa” and believed to be one of the prominent towns in the region. Several early settlements were based around the ‘Falaj’, which was a man-made underground water course used for irrigation purposes.In the nineteenth century, the town of Sharjah was the leading port in the lower Gulf. Produce from the interior of Oman, India and Persia arrived here. Sharjah's salt mines meant that salt constituted an important part of its export business, along with pearls. In the 1930s, as the pearling industry started to decline and trade dropped due to the creek silting up, Imperial Airways' flying boats set up a staging post for flights en route to India, which benefited the residents of Sharjah. Sharjah has three enclaves on the east coast, which borders the Gulf of Oman: Kalba, Dibba Al-Hisn and Khor Fakkan. It shares its southern border with Dubai. Today, Sharjah has an impressive array of cultural and traditional projects, including several museums.The city is noted for its numerous elegant mosques and top-quality universities. Dhaid, an oasis town under Sharjah, is known for its wide range of vegetables and fruits cultivated on its fertile soil. The emirate is considered the cultural and educational centre of the UAE and takes pride in promoting Arab culture and traditions. Sharjah has won the prestigious Unesco award as the Cultural Capital of the Arab world in 1998. Today, under the leadership of His Highness Dr. Shaikh Sultan bin Mohammad Al Qasimi, Member of the UAE Supreme Council and Ruler of Sharjah....


Location: Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Gulf, between Oman and Saudi Arabia

Coordinates: 25.3575°N, 55.3908°E

Area: 2,590 sq km

Climate: Desert, cooler in eastern mountains and Khor Fakkan (facing the Gulf of Oman)

Terrain: Flat, barren coastal plain, rolling sand dunes; mountains towards Khor Fakkan, Dibba Al Hosn

People: Emirati(s)

Population: 890,669 (2008) 

Government: Federal Government (UAE)


GDP: Dh80 billion ($21 billion, est. for 2014), Dh70 billion (2012)

GDP growth (annual %): 13% (2014 est.);  8% in 2013

Free zones: Sharjah International Airport Free Zone and Hamriyah Free Zone

Ratings: A3 stable (Moody’s) and A/A-1 stable (Standard & Poor's)


Airport(s): 1 (Sharjah International Airport)

Main sea ports: 3
(Port Khalid, Hamriyah Port and Free Zone, Port Khor Fakkan)


Oil reserves (billion barrels):  1.5

Gas production:
Sajaa oil field: 800,000 cubic feet per day

Output (barrels of oil per day, bopd):

Sajaa oil field: 50,000 (oil condensates)

Mubarak oil field: 60,000 (1974), 13,500 (1979), <4,000 (recent years)

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