Whether you are interested in dinosaur fossils, Vikings or ancient glaciers, Canada is the place to visit to see these unique, incredible sights.
Click start to play today’s Crossword, where you can identify a few of the 20 United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (Unesco) World Heritage Sites from Canada.
Here, we take you on a tour of five of them:
1. Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump
Perhaps one of the most unusually named sites you might have heard of, this location can be found at the foothills of the Rocky Mountains, a short distance from Alberta. As its name suggests, the site is believed to have evidence of communal hunting from over 6,000 years ago. Historically, indigenous people in the region, known as the Blackfoot people, killed bison by chasing them over the top of the cliff, and then retrieving their bodies from the bottom. Today, you can find several metre-deep layers of bison bones at the base of the cliff, along with evidence of a prehistoric camp and cooking pits.
2. Mistaken Point Ecological Reserve
Another unusual name, but not without reason. At the southernmost tip of the Avalon Peninsula, are tilted, cleaved mudstones and 17km of craggy cliffs where you can find some of the Earth’s oldest fossils of complex multicellular life. It’s so named because the area gained notoriety due to the treacherous waters surrounding the Point – over 50 shipwrecks lie below the waters today. But it’s the fossils that got Mistaken Point its World Heritage Site status – it is the only place in the world where you can view deep-sea floors that are 565 million years old, and that accurately preserve the ecology of that time period.
3. Gros Morne National Park
It took 485 million years for Gros Morne, on the west coast of Newfoundland, to become a place unlike any other. The park provides a glimpse into plate tectonics – the scientific theory that the Earth’s outer shell is divided into plates that glide over the rocky inner layer before the core. Unesco’s website states: “The park provides a rare example of the process of continental drift, where the deep ocean crust and the rocks of the earth’s mantle lie exposed.” To top it off, the area has spectacular wilderness, fjords, glaciers and vast woodland – a true natural beauty.
4. Kluane National Park and Reserve
Imagine a vast wilderness of ice plains, dense snow-covered forests and grey mountains. Home to some of the “most spectacular glaciers” (in Unesco’s words), Kluane National Park (pictured above) also features Canada’s highest mountain – Mount Logan. About 83 per cent of the park is covered in mountains and glaciers.
5. L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site
Canada’s first Unesco World Heritage Site is also one of its most fascinating locations. At the tip of Newfoundlands’ Great Northern Peninsula, this site is home to a Viking settlement and was the first real evidence that the European adventurers reached the Americas over 1,000 years ago, long before the Italian explorer Christopher Columbus. Remains of wood-framed buildings with peat turf, and other remnants of the small encampment transports visitors to an ancient time.