Resident Guide | Legal Issues

UAE cyber crimes law

  • Gulf News Report
  • Published: 14:15 July 20, 2009

 Abu Dhabi: President His Highness Shaikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan has issued a federal law on combating cyber crimes.

  • Law No.2 of 2006, issued last month, includes 29 articles, and shall take effect from the date of its issuance, and is to be published in the official gazette.
  • Article No.2 considers any intentional act resulting in abolishing, destroying or revealing secrets or republishing personal or official information, as a crime. It says anyone convicted of logging onto information website or system shall be punished with jail term, or fine, or both. If the act resulted in abolishing, destroying, or revealing, changing or republishing information, he/she shall be sentenced to no less than six months in jail and be fined, or both. If such information are personal, a fine of not less than Dh10, 000 shall be imposed, and a jail term of not less than one year shall be handed out to the convict, or both punishments.
  • The law also reads that anyone convicted of stimulating a male or female to commit adultery or prostitution via the Internet will be jailed up to five years and fined.
  • Anyone convicted of abusing holy shrines or religious rituals or insulting them or inciting others to do so, shall be sentenced to five years in jail and be fined.
  • Anyone convicted of opposing the Islamic religion will be jailed up to seven years. Anyone convicted of transcending family principles and values shall be jailed for one year and fined Dh50, 000. Anyone convicted of setting up a website for groups promoting programmes in breach of public decency and order shall be sentenced to five years in jail.
  • Article No.3 reads that anyone convicted of committing any crimes stipulated in Article No.2 of this law, shall be sentenced to no less than one year in jail, and fined not less than Dh20, 000, or both.
  • Article No.4 says anyone convicted of forging any document of Federal or local government?s documents, or any of federal or local institutions, shall be temporarily imprisoned, and fined, or both.
  • Anyone convicted of using the forged document with knowledge it is forged, shall be handed out the stipulated punishment for forgery crime. Article No.5 of the law reads anyone convicted of hampering, blocking or preventing the reach of service or logging onto computer programmes, or information sources with any possible means whether via the use of internet or any information technology mean, shall be punished with a jail term, or a fine, or both.
  • Article No.6 says anyone convicted of inserting certain information via the internet or using any IT or electronic mean for the purpose of stopping or breaking down, or destroying, deleting or amending programmes and information, shall be either jailed or fined, or both.
  • Article No.7 says anyone convicted of using the internet or any electronic or IT means for changing or destroying medical tests or medical diagnosis, or medical treatment or healthcare, or even assisted others to do it, shall be temporarily jailed or fined.
  • Article No.8 says anyone convicted of deliberately eavesdropping, or receiving or intervened information or messages sent via the internet by using any electronic or high-tech means, shall be jailed or fined.
  • Article No.9 says anyone convicted of using the internet or any other high-tech means for threatening or black mailing another person, to incite him to carry out an act or not, shall be sentenced to no more than two years in jail and fined no more than Dh50, 000, or both.
  • Anyone convicted of using the internet for threatening or black mailing another person, to incite him to commit lewd acts or honour crimes, shall be sentenced up to 10 years in jail and fined Dh50, 000.
  • Article No.10 reads that anyone convicted of putting his hands on immovable funds, or a document to sign for himself or others, by using the internet or any high-tech means in a fraudulent way or by taking a nick name or assuming the identity of others with intent to defraud, shall be sentenced to no less than one year, and fined no less than Dh30, 000, or both.
  • Article No.11 reads that anyone convicted of reaching data of credit card or any other electronic cards by the use of the internet or any high-tech means, shall be imprisoned and fined. If the act takes place with intent to use credit or electronic cards to get other?s money or their available services, the convict shall be jailed for no less than one year, and fined no less than Dh30, 000, or one of each punishments.
  • Article No.12 says anyone convicted of producing, preparing, sending, or saving information with intent to exploit, distribute or providing others with information that causes harm to public decency, via the internet or high-tick means, shall be sentenced to no less than six months in jail and fined no less than Dh 30, 000.
  • Article No13 says anyone convicted of inciting or luring a male or female to commit adultery or prostitution, by using the internet or high-tech means, shall be imprisoned and fined. If the victim is a juvenile, a jail term of no less than five years and a fine shall be imposed.
  • Article No14 says anyone convicted of logging onto a website with intent to change the designs of this site, deleting it, amending its information, or taking its address, shall be jailed and fined.
  • Article No.15 stipulates that anyone convicted of using the internet or high-tech means for the purpose of committing the following crimes, shall be imprisoned or fined.
  • The crimes are as follows:
  • 1-Abuse of any Islamic holy shrines or rituals
  • 2- Abuse of holy shrines and religious rituals stipulated in other religious since such rituals are maintained in accordance to the rulings of Islamic Sharia
  • 3- Insulting any recognised religion
  • 4- 4-Inctiment or promotion of sins
  • If anyone convicted of opposing the Islamic religion, or abusing its principles, or carrying out any missionary activities for the benefit of other religions, he should be sentenced to more than seven years in jail.
  • Article No16 reads that anyone convicted of transcending family principles and values, or publishing news or pictures related to the private life of the family?s members, shall be jailed for no one year and fined Dh50, 000.
  • Article No.17 stipulates that anyone convicted of setting up a website, or publishing information vi the internet or any other cyber means for the purpose of trafficking in human beings or facilitating human trafficking, shall be temporarily imprisoned.
  • Article No.18 reads that anyone convicted of setting up a website or publishing information with the aim of promoting narcotics shall be temporarily jailed.
  • Article No.19 says anyone convicted of transferring dirty money or concealing their sources, or transferring illegal properties via the use of internet or other cyber means, shall be sentenced to no more than seven years and a fine of no less than Dh30, 000 and up to Dh200, 000.
  • Article No.20 reads anyone convicted of setting up a website or publishing information for groups calling for facilitating and promoting ideas in breach of the general order and public decency, shall be sentenced to nor more than five years in jail.
  • Article No.21 says anyone convicted of setting up a website or publishing information for a terrorist group under fake names with intent to facilitate contacts with their leadership, or to promote their ideologies and finance their activities, or to publish information on how to make explosives or any other substances to be used in terrorist attacks, shall be sentenced to no more than five years in jail.
  • Article No22 reads anyone convicted of logging onto government websites with intent to obtain secrete information shall be sentenced to jail. If the practice resulted in deleting, destroying or publishing such information, the convict shall be sentenced up to five years in jail.
  • Article No.23 says anyone convicted of inciting, or assisting or agreed with other person to commit a crime of crimes stipulated in this law, he shall be punished with the same punishment stipulated in the law.
  • Article No.24 says with no prejudice to others? rights, all devices, programmes and means used in committing any of the previous mentioned crimes will be confiscated.
  • Article No.25 stipulates if the convict is an expatriate, he shall be deported after serving his term.
  • Article No.26 says the implementation of penalties stipulated in this law does not contradict any other tougher punishment stipulated in the penal Code or any other laws.
  • Article No.27 says law-enforcement officials are allowed to catch criminals and report violations.
  • Article No28 says any provision contradicts the provisions of this law shall be abrogated.
  • Article No.29 says this law shall take effect from the date of its issuance, and is to be published in the official gazette.

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