In the global macroeconomic picture, 2016 was largely seen as volatile. The world can’t wait to move on to the next. Nonetheless, having avoided a bubble in 2015 and getting past a slowdown last year, the UAE property sector has done comparatively well. Many new landmark projects have been announced and the newly launched Dubai Water Canal is emerging as a major talking point, ending the year on a happy note. Analysts are now cautiously dipping their toes into optimism, suggesting the property market is poised to recover next year. However, global headwinds may affect Dubai as many markets battle uncertainty.
Dima Isshak, head of research and advisory at Chestertons, calls this a period of “correction and normalisation” following a series of global and regional events in the last couple of years. “Has the market bottomed out? The answer is not yet clear,” she says. “The reason is that real estate is not immune to external factors, whether geopolitical or economic.”
A report by Cluttons states that with property values expected to stabilise towards the end of next year, the real-estate market will continue to receive a boost from infrastructure projects linked to the World Expo
in 2020 and other mega developments.
“These will help sustain or lift public sentiment, which has proved instrumental in keeping the emirate’s economic growth profile the most positive in the region,” the report states.
According to Chestertons, prices came down in many residential locations across Dubai last year. Dubailand saw a 13 per cent downward movement, whereas Downtown Burj Khalifa saw a 9 per cent decline. Prices were down 5-8 per cent in areas such as the Meadows and Springs, Al Furjan, Dubai Motor City, Arabian Heights and Victory Heights. The top transaction areas were Dubai Marina with 1,442 transactions, followed by International City (1,348), Emirates Living (831) and Jumeirah Lakes Towers (733). Dubailand saw 699 transactions.
Cluttons says the average residential values have been down by 7.4 per cent during the past 12 months. Despite some submarkets heading towards bottoming out, transaction volumes are still weak and reflect a general nervousness among buyers. Quarterly transaction volumes slipped by 21 per cent in the third quarter, led by a 22 per cent fall in apartment deal volumes, which are down 26 per cent when compared with the third quarter in 2015. The average price of a transacted villa has also fallen by 28.1 per cent since the start of the year to stand at Dh3.9 million.
Highlighting affordability as a key theme, Cluttons’ report shows that values over the past 12 months in high-end locations such as Hattan Villas at The Lakes and the Palm Jumeirah, receded by 11.9 per cent and 11.1 per cent respectively, while more affordable communities such as The Green Community and Jumeirah Village registered no change in values in the third quarter.
Mid-range homes in locations such as Emirates Living, Arabian Ranches and Victory Heights recorded a negligible 0.1 per cent increase in prices. Commenting on the contracting villa prices, Faisal Durrani, head of research at Cluttons, says, “Average prices contracted mainly due to the weak performance of the luxury segment of the market. This is down to affordability issues that persist, along
with a slowing in the rate of creation of senior-level executive positions.
“These two factors, combined with a weak but notable nervousness to commit to more expensive purchases, are continuing to drive down villa values across the board. Over the past three years for instance, villa prices have fallen by close to 10 per cent.”
Affordability is a key point for developers to address when regulatory reforms have favoured end-user buyers over opportunistic investors. Isshak says that the buyer profile today is very different from the historic type, which she says consisted of “foreign buyers, flippers and bulk investors”. While this type of buyer injects cash into the market, improving market sentiment and has a positive impact on the economy, the downside is a “volatile market, controlled by a few and sensitive to external factors”.
On the other hand, the current buyer profile consists of “end users, expats, long-term investors and first-time buyers”. This type of buyer creates stability in the market, builds a large pool of buyers that is less sensitive to external factors and encourages expat spending. The downside is lower liquidity, lukewarm market sentiment and lower transactions.
New supply will ultimately affect pricing trends.
Murray Strang, head of Cluttons Dubai, notes that with 34,000 units unveiled last year, “it’s clear that project announcements are continuing at an unrestrained pace, despite what could be perceived to be challenging trading conditions”.
He advises caution amid high expectations. “Although our view of 2017 indicates positive signs to reverse the market’s fortunes, we are closely monitoring the level of residential supply coming to the market,” says Strang.
“If supply continues to increase in the next 12 to 18 months, as the global economy remains unstable, it is likely to cause the current stability and projected bottoming out of the real estate market to unravel, with further price falls likely to follow suit.
“Demand and supply are almost in-sync, but this delicate balance can quickly be upset by a supply surge.”
Property consultancy JLL says residential supply will increase by 4 per cent per year between 2017 and 2019, compared with an average of 3 per cent per year in previous years.
“Developers have traditionally overestimated levels of completions of homes in Dubai, with only around
30 per cent of all announced projects actually being delivered on schedule over the past few years,” says Craig Plumb, head of research at JLL Middle East and North Africa.
“We continue to see developers phase out the release of units to dampen the opportunity for oversupply.”
In the rental market, the Cluttons report shows that after a sharp 4.4 per cent fall in average rents across the city’s freehold areas in the second quarter, which was the strongest decrease recorded in five years, the rate of decline moderated to
1.5 per cent in the third quarter. The latest change leaves average rents 8 per cent down in the fourth quarter.
Durrani says: “Positively, however, apartment rents were unchanged in the third quarter across all the submarkets we monitor, hinting perhaps that this segment of the market may be starting to flatten out. On an annualised basis, villa rents are down by 9.4 per cent, while apartment rents are 5.8 per cent lower than this time last year.
“Similar to the sales market, the top end of the villa market in locations such as the Palm Jumeirah, Jumeirah Islands and The Lakes have experienced the strongest rental drops over the past
He says sales and rental values are around 10 per cent down compared to the same period last year, “with any bottoming out unlikely to materialise until next
Autumn at the earliest”.
The demand for quality office space persists, resulting in more stability. Cluttons says the lack of supply in sought-after submarkets such as Dubai International Financial Centre (DIFC), Dubai Internet City and Dubai Media City, coupled with a relatively buoyant domestic economy, has resulted in rents being sustained.
Grade A offices near established commute areas will continue to see good occupancy and healthy demand. However, there will be pressure on prices as companies look to consolidate. Office rents may witness a correction due to weak occupier demand and profitability.
Despite Dubai’s continued resilience to global economic factors, compared with other prominent cities in the region, the year is ending with fewer requirements compared to the same time last year. The Cluttons report says that consolidation activities in the finance and banking sector, in addition to the oil and gas sector, which commenced about 18 months ago, is now winding down.
The pharmaceutical, legal and technology sectors, on the other hand, are among the most active occupier groups in the market and expansion activity continues from these tenants.
“Despite the somewhat flat conditions, Dubai’s office market has been the most resilient in the region, which stems from its appeal among international occupiers and the strong belief in the domestic economy’s ability to shake off any fringe impacts of an uncertain global outlook,” says Durrani. “This is reflected in the fact that occupiers such as Huawei and Mastercard are pressing ahead with purpose-built schemes in sought-after office hotspots such as Dubai Internet City.”
The expected increase in residential supply from 2017-19
The rate of decline of prices in Dubailand last year
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