Czechoslovakia is no more. Seventy-four years after the philosopher-statesman Tomas Garrague Masaryk founded his country out of the ruins of the Austro-Hungarian empire, the main Czech and Slovak political parties said that they had agreed to split the republic into two separate states. The announcement caused gloom in every part of Europe, east and west. Like its playwright-president, Vaclav Havel, Czechoslovakia stood for tolerance, humanity, humour, integrity, courage and the hope of a better future. Of all the countries which threw off Communism in 1989, Czechoslovakia, with its strong democratic traditions and once vibrant economy, was considered the most likely to make a successful, stable transition to a freemarket democracy. The divorce was negotiated in Bratislava, the Slovak capital, after 14 hours of negotiations between Vaclav Klaus and Vladimir Meciar, respective leaders of the Czech Civic Democratic Party and the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia. They agreed to form a 10-member caretaker federal government to oversee the split, and said the Czech and Slovak regional parliaments would settle the final constitutional arrangements for the separation.
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1933 Army stages coup in Siam, now Thailand.
1941 The US Army Air Forces is established, replacing the US Army Air Corps, later it becomes the US Air Force in 1947.
1961 Kuwait is admitted to Arab League.
1963 US and Soviet Union sign an agreement to set up a hotline between the two superpowers.
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1973 Juan Peron returns to Argentina after 18-year exile.
1982 Sajaa gas facility is inaugurated in Sharjah.
1987 UAE Supreme Council reinstates His Highness Dr Shaikh Sultan Bin Mohammad Al Qasimi as the legitimate Ruler of Sharjah.
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1990 Asteroid Eureka is discovered by David H Levy and Henry Holt.
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2001 General Pervez Musharraf takes the oath as President of Pakistan.
2002 The US shuts down its embassy in Nairobi, Kenya, after a terrorist threat.
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2010 Poles vote to elect a successor to President Lech Kaczynski, who was killed in a plane crash at Russia.
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2016 Virginia Raggi becomes first woman mayor of Rome in 2,500 years.