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Kuwait parliament dissolved nine times in 54 years

Only six parliaments were able to run their election terms since 1962

Image Credit: GN Archive
File photo of Kuwait parliament.

Manama: The dissolution of the parliament in Kuwait on Sunday has raised the number of times the National Assembly was unable to run its full term to nine in 54 years.

Only six elected parliaments lasted their full terms since constitutional life was launched in the northern Arabian Gulf country in 1962.

The first dissolution occurred on August 29, 1976 upon an Emiri order issued by Shaikh Sabah Al Salem Al Sabah following sharp disagreements between the government and lawmakers. The parliament was stalled until 1981, Kuwaiti daily Al Anba reported on Monday.”

The second time the parliament was dissolved was on July 3, 1986 following “deep divisions and threats to national unity.” Kuwait remained with a parliament until elections were held in October 1992.

The third dissolving occurred on May 4, 1999 on the grounds of “abuses of parliamentary tools and the selection of tension and confrontations over positive dialogues.”

The parliament elected on July 5, 2003 was dissolved on May 21, 2006 following “deep divisions, mutual accusations and damages to the country’s higher interests.”

The fifth dissolving was on March 19, 2008 as a result of clashes between the legislative and executive branches.

One year later, on March 18, 2009, the parliament was dissolved for the sixth time, with the decree citing “non-compliance with the constitution and the laws.”

The seventh dissolving was on December 6, 2011 after parliamentary life as hit by a severe political crisis that “stalled achievements and threatened the country’s higher interests.”

Elections were held on February 4, 2012 and the opposition, mainly an Islamist-tribal coalition, won 34 of the 50 seats while the women lost their seats. However, the Constitutional Court, the highest court in the country, rejected them, dissolved the newly-elected parliament and reinstated the parliament elected in 2009. However, the reinstated parliament failed to convene for lack of the required quota.

The eighth dissolving was on October 7, 2012 as a consequence of the failure of the lawmakers to show up at the sessions and reach the required quota.

Elections, in which voters could cast only one ballot instead of four like in the previous polls, were held on December 1, 2012 resulting in the parliament that was dissolved on Sunday.

The next parliamentary elections should be held within two months.