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Country In Depth - UAE

United Arab Emirates

United Arab Emirates

  • Capital:Abu Dhabi
  • Population:9.446 million (World Bank, 2014)
  • Languages:Arabic (Official), English, Hindi, Urdu
  • Head of State:President His Highness Shaikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan

Country Data - UAE

The UAE earned its independence from Britain in 1971. The unification is formed by six emirates (Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Fujairah, Umm Al Quwain and Ajman) and later on joined by Ras Al Khaimah in 1972. The discovery of oil helped the country move making it one of the main exporters in the world. The stability of the government due to skills of the leaders to govern raises the UAE to one of the most developed countries in the region....

People

Location
Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Gulf, between
Oman and Saudi Arabia

Coordinates
24 00 N, 54 00 E

Area
83,600 sq km

Climate 
Desert; cooler in eastern mountains

Terrain
Flat, barren coastal plain merging into rolling sand dunes of vast desert
wasteland; mountains in east

People 
Emirati(s)

Population 
9.446 million (World Bank, 2014)

Government  
Federal Government

 

Economy

GDP (current US$)
$402.3 billion (WB, 2013)

GDP growth (annual %) 
5 (WB, 2013)

GNI per capita (current international $) 
59,890 (WB, 2012)

Transportation

Airports
6 International Airports: Abu Dhabi, Al Ain, Al Maktoum
International Airport, Dubai, Fujairah, Sharjah
       
Main ports  
Mina Zayed, Jebel Ali, Mina Rashid, Fujairah,
Khor Fakkan, Mina Saqr, Sharjah, Khalifa Port

Energy

Crude oil
Proven  reserves (billion barrels):  97.80
Production (1,000 b/d):  2,562
Exports (1,000 b/d):   2,657

Natural gas
Reserves (billion cu. m.):  6,091
Marketed production natural gas (billion cu. m.):  54.308
Refinery capacity (1,000 b/d):   471

Oil demand (1,000 b/d):  638
Exports of petroleum products (1,000 b/d):  224.9

*Source: OPEC Annual statistical bulletin 2013

Communication

Telephones
Main lines in use :  1.967 million (2012)
Mobile cellular  : 13.775 million (2012

MILITARY

Military branches    
United Arab Emirates Armed Forces: Critical Infrastructure Coastal Patrol Agency (CNIA), Land Forces, Navy, Air Force and Air Defense, Border and Coast Guard Directorate (BCGD) (2012)
    
Military service age and obligation   
18 years of age for voluntary military service; 18 years of age for officers and women; no conscription; 16-22 years of age for candidates for the UAE Naval College (2012)
    
Manpower available for military service   
Males age 16-49: 2,676,928 (includes non-nationals)
Females age 16-49: 981,649 (2010 est.)
    
Manpower fit for military service   
Males age 16-49: 2,229,366
Females age 16-49: 842,759 (2010 est.)
 

TRANSNATIONAL ISSUES

International Disputes    
Boundary agreement was signed and ratified with Oman in 2003 for entire border, including Oman's Musandam Peninsula and Al Madhah enclaves, but contents of the agreement and detailed maps showing the alignment have not been published; Iran currently occupies Tunb Islands and Abu Musa Island, which the UAE considers its territory.
     
The UAE's position as a major financial center makes it vulnerable to money laundering. Anti-money-laundering controls have been tightened, but informal banking remains difficult to bring under regulatory controls.

Complied by Gulf News Archives
Sources: The World Fact Book, World Bank