Country in Focus

Philippines

Philippines

  • Capital:Manila
  • Population:96.71 million (WB, 2012)
  • Languages:English, Filipino (based mostly in Tagalog), regional languages
  • Head of State:President Rodrigo Duterte

Country Data

The United States granted the Philippines internal self-government in 1935 followed by full independence in 1946 under the presidency of Manuel Roxas. In 1965, Diosdado Macapagal lost to Ferdinand Marcos in a presidential bid. During his first few years in office, numerous public projects were initiated that improved the quality of life, however, he was also accused of corruption. He declared martial law in 1972 which was characterized by political repression, censorship and human rights violation. His 20-year rule ended in 1986 during the people power movement when he was forced into exile. Corazon Aquino took over the presidency, becoming the first woman president in the Philippines and Asia. Coup attempts, corruptions, disasters hampered the political stability and economic development of the country. Improvements in politics and economy were experienced under the administration of Fidel Ramos, who was elected in 1992. In 2001, Joseph Estrada, the successor of Ramos, was ousted in the 2nd EDSA Revolution due to corruption charges. He was succeeded by Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. In her 9-year administration, the country experienced stable growth but marred by political scandals and corruption. Benigno Aquino III, the son of late president Corazon Aquino, was elected to a six-year term as president in May 2010....

People

Location 
Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Philippine Sea and the
South China Sea, east of Vietnam

Coordinates 
13 00 N, 122 00 E

Area
300,000 sq km

Climate 
Tropical marine; northeast monsoon (November to April); southwest
monsoon (May to October)

Terrain
Mostly mountains with narrow to extensive coastal lowlands

People  
Filipino(s)

Population
107 million (2014, est.)

Government 
Republic

Economy

GDP (current US$)
$250.2 billion (WB, 2012)

GDP growth (annual %) 
7% (WB, 2012)

GNI per capita (current US$)
$2,500 (WB, 2012)

Transportation

Airports 
With paved runways : 89
With unpaved runways:158
Total : 247 (2013)

Roadways
Total : 213,151 km

Ports and terminals
Major seaport(s): Batangas, Cagayan de Oro, Cebu, Davao, Liman, Manila
container port(s) (TEUs): Manila (3,342,200)

Energy

Electricity
Production: 67.45 billion kWh (2011 est.)
Consumption : 56.84 billion kWh (2010 est.)
Installed generating capacity : 16.36 million kW (2010 est.)

Crude oil
Production: 25,240 bbl/day (2012 est.)
Exports: 20,090 bbl/day (2010 est.)
Imports: 182,000 bbl/day (2010 est.)
Proved reserves: 138.5 million bbl (1 January 2013 es)

Refined petroleum products
Production: 181,300 bbl/day (2010 est.)
Consumption: 315,600 bbl/day (2011 est.)
Exports:17,810 bbl/day (2010 est.)
Imports  :147,900 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Natural gas
Production : 3.91 billion cu m (2012 est.)
Consumption : 2.86 billion cu m (2010 est.)
Proved reserves : 98.54 billion cu m (1 January 2013 es)

Communication

Telephones
Main lines in use : 3.939 million (2012)
Mobile cellular  : 103 million (2012)

MILITARY

Military branches    
Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP): Army, Navy (includes Marine Corps), Air Force (2013)
    
Military service age and obligation
   
17-23 years of age (officers 20-24) for voluntary military service; no conscription; applicants must be single male or female Philippine citizens with either 72 college credit hours (enlisted) or a baccalaureate degree (officers) (2013)
    
Manpower available for military service   
Males age 16-49: 25,614,135
Females age 16-49: 25,035,061 (2010 est.)
    
Manpower fit for military service
   
Males age 16-49: 20,142,940
Females age 16-49: 21,427,792 (2010 est.)

TRANSNATIONAL ISSUES

International Disputes 
Philippines claims sovereignty over Scarborough Reef (also claimed by China together with Taiwan) and over certain of the Spratly Islands, known locally as the Kalayaan (Freedom) Islands, also claimed by China, Malaysia, Taiwan, and Vietnam; the 2002 "Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea," has eased tensions in the Spratly Islands but falls short of a legally binding "code of conduct" desired by several of the disputants; in March 2005, the national oil companies of China, the Philippines, and Vietnam signed a joint accord to conduct marine seismic activities in the Spratly Islands; Philippines retains a dormant claim to Malaysia's Sabah State in northern Borneo based on the Sultanate of Sulu's granting the Philippines Government power of attorney to pursue a sovereignty claim on his behalf; maritime delimitation negotiations continue with Palau
    
Refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs):    

IDPs: About 4.5 million government troops are fighting the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, the Abu Sayyaf Group, and the New People's Army; clan feuds; natural disasters including typhoon Bopha (December 2012), the Bohol earthquake (October 2013), and typhoon Haiyan (November 2013)) (2013)

Stateless persons
At least 115,772 (2014)
    
Illicit drugs   
Domestic methamphetamine production has been a growing problem in recent years despite government crackdowns; major consumer of amphetamines; longstanding marijuana producer mainly in rural areas where Manila's control is limited


Complied by Gulf News Archives
Sources: The World Fact Book, World Bank