NEW YORK: Small businesses are increasingly having to pay more for their loans, according to a new survey that examines credit constraints for more moderate ventures across the US and Europe.
Only 48 per cent of small- and medium-sized businesses said they can get financing at rates below 8 per cent, according to a new survey from C2FO, a financial technology start-up that has created a marketplace where small- and medium-sized businesses can get paid early by the large companies they supply. The inaugural such survey, released last year, showed nearly 60 per cent of respondents were able to secure funding at rates below 8 per cent.
The survey comes despite benchmark interest rates hovering at record lows, particularly in Europe where the central bank has begun buying corporate bonds in an effort to lower borrowing costs. Regulation introduced after the 2008 financial crisis, as well as a continued wariness of riskier loans, is often said to have made small business lending less attractive for banks, encouraging a host of new entrants eager to grab a slice of the market.
“The cost of capital is increasing significantly, and we were surprised by the extent of it in this year’s survey,” said Dru Shiner, C2FO’s chief sales officer. “Most small businesses work with small and regional banks, especially in the US, and because of all the new regulations ... the credit risk and other things they have to navigate is making them lend to larger and larger organisations.”
C2FO canvassed more than 1,800 small- and medium-sized businesses (SMEs) in the US, UK, Germany, France, and Italy, with 80 per cent of those firms having $2 million or less in gross annual revenue. It found borrowing was priciest in the UK and the US with 42 per cent and 47 per cent of SMEs borrowing at a rate of below 8 per cent, respectively. That compares with 52 of respondents in France, 51 per cent in Germany, and 58 per cent in Italy.
An apparent higher cost of capital has caused some of these firms to look at other sources, such as peer-to-peer, or marketplace, lending that involves directly matching would-be borrowers with lenders. On average, 18 per cent of respondents in each country reported using peer-to-peer lending at some point.
More expensive credit in the US stands somewhat at odds with the most recent survey from the National Federation for Independent Business (NFIB), which showed just 3 per cent of small business owners reporting in July that their borrowing needs were not satisfied “- 1 percentage point above the record low reached in September of last year. Still, the NFIB small business optimism survey has been sputtering with sentiment making little to no improvement over the last year, rising just 0.1 points to a still low reading of 94.6 in July.
“Uncertainty is high, expectations for better business conditions are low, and future business investments look weak,” NFIB Chief Economist Bill Dunkelberg said in a statement. “Our data indicates that there is little hope for a surge in the small business sector anytime soon.”